Bilbao discover and enjoy!
Bilbao is the capital of the province of Vizcaya, in the autonomous community of the Basque Country.
The estuary is of strategic and commercial importance in the history of the city. A late fourteenth century, Bilbao generated an important commercial activity, not just river, taking advantage of the numerous mines that were located in the surrounding area, mainly iron. With lots of ironworks, shipyards building began, so the sea and iron were a constant in the history of that time.
The sixteenth century was the trade-off, mainly due to its port activity with heavy traffic of goods in major ports in Europe, with the exchange of coal and steel.
Industrial development made the Bilbao bourgeoisie and naval impelled large steel companies, turning Bilbao into the economic capital of the Basque Country and the second largest port in Spain. It was a city alive both industrial and cultural level, development was cut short by the Spanish Civil War and the harsh postwar period.
Today it is a thriving city of services, in a process of aesthetic, social and economic revitalization led by the emblematic Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.
What to see?
The Vizcaya Bridge was the first shuttle bridge built in the world of metal structure. It opened on July 28, 1893 and was designed to link with its large iron body locations Portugalete and Getxo.
Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2006, the Bizkaia Bridge has a structure formed by four iron towers 61 meters high, linked by a crosspiece 160 meters long, located 45 meters above the level from sea.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
The Bilbao Guggenheim Museum is a museum of contemporary art designed by Canadian architect Frank O. Gehry.
It is one of the museums belonging to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. It was inaugurated on October 18, 1997 by King Juan Carlos I of Spain.
The estuary of Bilbao
The estuary of Bilbao (also known as Nervion River or Ibaizábal) is the mouth forming system of the Nervion and Ibiazábal rivers and their tributaries latest on arrival at Cantabrian Sea in the Bay of Biscay. Crosses Bilbao, divididiendo the city in two.